Data
Center

Core
Network

Transport
Network

Gateway
Controllers

Small-Cell
Base
Stations

Distributed
Antenna
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IoT-Smart X
Technology

12Small-cells have existed in various forms virtually as long as the mobile industry to address coverage holes and capacity hot-spots. With the advent of the smart-phone, mobile traffic demands has grown tremendously, as has interest in small-cells. In the 2007/08 time frame, the mobile industry set bold objectives to enable outdoor small-cell deployments, with all in costs of USD 5k, with tremendous demand volume. However progress has been stalled until recently, and small-cells have 
However progress stalled for many years, largely because small-cells where operationalized as small-macro-cells. In addition, small-cell hype has eclipsed the complementary (and important) role of DAS systems. 
More recent progress has been made, particularly as industry players seek innovative partnerships and opportunities to drive digital ecosystems.

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Our 2018 Research 

Cloud and Edge Computing:
What are the market drivers an inhibitors for cloud and edge computing in the healthcare sector?
What are the salient characteristics of the healthcare solutions being adopted, what are the key adoption drivers?

5G:
How will 5G impact healthcare? Are there applications that will drive 5G adoption, or will healthcare be a laggard market? 
Small-Cells:
Small-Cells are already deployed in healthcare facilities.
What are the drivers and inhibitors for small-cell? deployments, real estate and infrastructure management? What are the opportunities and challenges in using small-cells to drive smart healthcare services and applications?

Small-Cells:
Small-cells are already deployed in healthcare facilities. Are there smart healthcare opportunities that will stimulate small-cell adoption? If so, what are the solutions that are needed?


 
UPCOMING RESEARCH REPORT
Remote Patient Care:
IoT is fundamentally transforming remote patient care. This is particularly the case for diabetes patients, who can replace their blood tests with continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) devices provided by companies like Dexcom and Abbott. Dexcom, which specializes in CGM has grown its revenues from USD 92 million in 2012 to USD 715 million in 2017. Dexcom has benefited from an early market lead. However competition is coming fast, albeit with concern that CGM is cannibalizing the USD 16 billion blood glucose test strip market. This report will investigate the case studies for Dexcom and Abbott Libre users, an assessment of the regulatory and funding landscapes and the
evaluation of the impact of CGM on patient well being and quality of life
.

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View Market Disruptions

Transport Technology Market Dynamics
Disruptions
Recommendations
Inhibitors
Justification
IoT-Smart-X services broaden the small-cell value proposition.

Conventional back-haul economics cannot support small-cells. 

New spectrum bands and small-cell design philosophies ease access/back-haul integration challenges



Small-cell integration into macro-cell network designs and operational models.

Immature commercial and economic models and best practices.

Telecom operator investment priorities

Drive access agnostic transport architectures for service agility and operational efficiencies.

Design for dominant traffic (i.e. video).

Develop business models that anticipate and where possible foster complementary IoT-Smart-X services. 

Challenge status quo network design principles

Leverage best practices from complementary services (e.g. WiFi hot-spots).



IoT-Smart X adoption.
Asset bundling and innovative leasing.

Unlicensed and shared spectrum licenses.

High performance optical and mmWave technology
Access/backhaul
convergence

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Since being promoted by companies like Apple and Samsung, and standardized by the 3GPP, eSIM technology is gaining tremendous market momentum. However, this momentum is still being dampened by mobile network operators who fear that the disruptive impact of eSIM technology will compromise subscriber "lock-in". The causal diagram below forms the basis of a System Dynamics model for assessing the prospects of the eSIM market.

eSIM Forecast - System Dynamics Causal ModeleSIM Value Chain

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Edge
Compute
Radio
Access
Network
Customer
Premise
Equipment
Endpoint
Devices
Data
Center
Core
Network
Transport
Network
Managed services most effective when the services are well understood, sufficient governance is in place and the strategic objectives of both parties are sufficiently aligned. This is a challenge for many 5G related proposals, where services are nascent and changeable

5G is big on use cases, but lacking in compelling business cases. With market scale being an important ingredient for any new mobile technology, 5G must find a suitable footing in a world where there is still a significant 4G "runway".

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It is a familiar story. A new technology, in this case 5G, emerges with a vision for industry transformation, sporting numerous use-cases that have yet to prove their market worth. In the case of 5G, the story is more complicated. Countries are accelerating 5G adoption for the sake of national interest. 5G has many more stakeholders, such as automotive, industrial infrastructure and real estate companies.

Tolaga's 5G research focuses on the use cases operators are pursuing and their associated business models, 5G technology architecture and performance, and the roles and influence of stakeholders in the value chain

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Model Elements and Inputs

Model Structure

5G Regulation and Investment

5G Market and Revenues

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Report: Teetering at the EDGE: Successful Positioning for EDGE computing

Infographic: The Intertwining of Edge Compute Initiatives


Demand for edge computing is on the increase, fueled by industry initiatives such as IoT and network cloudification and virtualization. Edge compute is supported by a slew of industry initiatives (e.g. MEC, CORD, CUPS OEC, and Fog) and proprietary deployments by companies like Amazon and Microsoft. Edge compute has its challenges, particularly with cost and complexity. Although network operators are well positioned to capitalize on edge compute they must pay greater attention to end-user services , with suitable edge compute designs.

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Massive Internet of ThingsMission Critical CommunicationsEnhanced Broadband Transport networks must be upgraded to support the tremendous traffic demands created by 5G enhanced broadband services. How are these networks being upgraded, and what are the technical and economic trade-offs that network operators must navigate?
Advancements in antenna designs and dynamic channel architectures are enable enhanced broadband capabilities in sub-6GHz and mmWave spectrum bands. What are these advancements? How are they being standardized? Will they work?
mmWave technology is necessary for 5G to deliver extreme capacity and extreme data rates. Can mmWave technologies fulfill this role?
mmWave radio propagation predictions vary greatly among academics, technologist and researchers and other industry pundits. Who is right and under what conditions?
What use cases will drive 5G adoption and how should 5G be positioned relative to 4G (e.g. local versus wide-area, and virtualization, network slicing, and resource optimization)?
How will mobile operators monetize 5G-IoT and what are the opportunities for alternative players and self-installed solutions?
How will mobile operators monetize 5G-IoT and what are the opportunities for alternative players and self-installed solutions?
What role does 5G play in enhancing MC-LTE performance and what are the use cases?
How do economics and use cases impact network architectures?
What is needed to deliver ultra-low latency services (e.g. edge computing and CUPS etc)

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